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Bugatti Type 10 "Pur-Sang"


Antonio Eiras

After a short, but very fruitful, apprenticeship at Prinetti & Stucchi, in Milan, where he built Types 1 and 2, in 1902 young Ettore emigrated to Strasbourg and joined De Dietrich, with whom he produced Types 3 to 7. Two years later and still in that city, he joined Émile Mathis and conceived the new Mathis Hermès Simplex models.


In 1907 he headed for Cologne, where he designed Types 8 and 9 for Deutz AG. The following year, still in Cologne, he started the project that would allow him to establish himself as an independent builder. The Type 10, which he built in the basement of his house, was designed as a sports and competition car: it had to be small, light, and powerful, to win the races.


This 2-seater model used a very light aluminum alloy chassis and body and was powered by a 1.2-liter 4-cylinder engine, which, equipped with an overhead camshaft, which commanded a distribution of 2 valves per cylinder, delivered 12CV of maximum power. The transmission was made to the rear wheels by a shaft and a gearbox with clutch. The suspensions used longitudinal leaf springs and the drum brakes were operated by cables. With a weight of 365 kg, the new model reached a speed of 80km/h.


His passion for horses led the young Bugatti to call his new model a small “Pure Sang”.


The excellent technical qualities of the new prototype were demonstrated in the performance in several races in which he participated, driven by its creator, and led Ettore to return to Strasbourg. He settled in with his family in the small village of Molsheim, on the outskirts of this city, and, at only 28 years of age, he joined his father, Carlo and his brother Rembrandt, to found Bugatti.


In 1910 the factory already had 65 workers and the Type 13, Type 15 and Type 17 models began to be produced. Derived from the “Pure Sang” and like this, these models were distinguished, on roads and tracks all over the World, for excellence in construction quality and behavior, to which its low weight and technical refinement contributed.

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Antonio Eiras